What is an Adjective?
adjective (noun): a part-of-speech that modifies or describes a noun or a pronoun
An adjective is one of the eight parts of speech.
An adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun. It “describes” or “modifies” a noun (The big dog was hungry). In these examples, the adjective is in bold and the noun that it modifies is in italics.
An adjective often comes BEFORE a noun:
- a green car
- a dark sky
- an interesting story
And sometimes an adjective comes AFTER a verb:
- My car is green.
- The sky became dark.
- His story seemed interesting.
But adjectives can also modify pronouns (She is beautiful). Look at these examples:
- They were empty.
- I thought it seemed strange.
- Those are not expensive.
Note that we can often use two or more adjectives together (a beautiful youngFrench lady / it is black and white).
Some adjectives have particular endings, for example:
- -able/-ible: washable, credible
- -ish/-like: childish, childlike
- -ful/-less: careful, careless
- -ous: dangerous, harmonious
- -y: dirty, pretty
However, many adjectives have no obvious form.
Most adjectives can be comparative or superlative, for example:
- big, bigger, biggest
- good, better, best
- beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful
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