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Transformation of sentence

Transformation of sentence (Simple, complex and compound) at a glance

 

Simple Compound Complex
01. Verb+ing +Extension ,Subject+ can/ could+ verb+ Ext.

 

Example; Reading books, you can acquire knowledge.

Verb+ Ext. +and +Subject +can/could +verb+ Ext.

 

Example: Read books and you can acquire knowledge.

If +sub+ verb+ other word, sub +can/may +verb +Other word.

 

If you read books you can aquire knowledge.

02. Subject +verb +ing +other word +P.V. +other word.

 

Some people working in the field are farmers.

x Subject+ Realative pronoun+ P.V.+ other word+ P.V.+ other word.

 

Some people who are working in the field are farmers.

03. Subject+P.V.+article+adverb+adjective+noun.

 

I saw a lame man.

Subject+ P.V. +other word +and +subject +P.V. +other word.

 

I saw a man and he was a lame.

Subject+ P.V.+ noun Phrase+ who/ which/that +P.V. +other word.

 

I saw a man who was lame.

04. Subject+ verb +object +verb (ing)+object.

 

Example: I saw them playing.

S+ to be verb (am/is/are/was/were)+verb(ing)+and+ verb(ing).

 

Example: They were playing and I saw them.

S+ verb +phrase +relative pronoun+ to be verb +present participle/past participle.

 

Example; I saw them who were playing.

05. Subject+ verb +infinitive (to +verb)………

 

We eat to live.

Subject +verb +and +subject+want/wanted+to+verb…….

 

We eat and (we) want to live.

Subject +verb +so that +subject+ can/could/may/might+ verb……

 

Example: We eat so that we may live.

04. Subject +to be verb (past/present) +too +adj+ to +verb……

 

Example: He was too weak to walk.

Subject+ to be verb(past/present)+very +adjective +and +can not/could not +verb+ext.

 

He was very weak and could not walk.

Subject +to be verb(past/present) +so +adj +that +s +cannot/could not +verb+………………….

 

Example: He was so weak that he could not walk.

05. Sub+ verb (past/present)+too +adj+ for +objective form+ to +verb (present)+other word.

 

The bag is too heavy for the girl to carry.

Sub +verb (past/present)+very+ adj+ and  +sub+ cannot/could not +verb (present)+other word.

 

The bag is very heavy and the girl cannot carry it.

Sub +verb(past/present)+so+ adj+ that +sub+ cannot/could not +verb (present)+other word.

 

The bag is very heavy and the girl cannot carry it.

06. Sub +verb (past/present)+too +adj+ to be+ verb(P.P)+other word.

 

The man is too dishonest to be respected.

Sub +verb(past/present)+very +adj+ and +sub+ verb(Past/present)+other word.

 

The man is very dishonest and nobody respects him.

Sub +verb (past/present)+so +adj+ that  +sub+ cannot/could not +verbpresent)+other word.

 

The man is so dishonest that people cannot /do not respect him.

07. Sub +verb (past/present) +adj+ enough +to verb (Present)+other word.

 

The girl is innocent enough to believe any man.

Sub +verb (past/present) +very+ adj+ and+ Subject+ can /could  + verb(Present)+other word.

 

The girl is innocent and she believes any one.

Sub +verb (past/present) +so+ adj+ that + Subject+ can /could  + verb(Present)+other word.

 

The girl is so innocent that she believes anybody.

08. Sub+ verb (to be)+adj+ enough +for+ objective form+ to +verb (present)+other word.

 

The question is easy enough for anybody to answer.

Sub +verb (past/present) +very+ adj+ and+ Subject+ can /could  + verb(Present)+other word.

 

The question is very easy and anybody can answer.

Sub +verb (past/present) +so+ adj+ that + Subject+ can /could  + verb(Present)+other word.

 

The question is so easy that anybody can answer.

09. Sub +verb (past/present) +adj+ enough +for +object+ verb(Present)+other word.

 

The essay is very easy enough for any student can memorize.

Sub +verb (past/present) +very+ adj+ and+ Subject+ can /could  + verb(Present)+other word.

 

The essay is very easy and any student can memorize.

Sub +verb (past/present) +so+ adj+ that + Subject+ can /could  + verb(Present)+other word.

 

The eassay is so easy that any student can memorize.

10. Sub +verb (past/present) +adj+ enough +to be+ verb (P.P)+other word.

 

The man is honest enough to be respected.

Sub +verb(past/present)+very +adj+ and +sub+ verb(Past/present)+other word.

 

 

The man is very honest and everybody respect him.

Sub +verb (past/present)+so +adj+ that  +sub+ cannot/could not +verb (present)+other word.

 

The man is honest that everybody respects him.

11.Subject +Verb(past participle)+other word+ P.V.+ other word.

 

The book written by Humayan Ahmed is very interesting.

Subject+P.V.+other word+and+sub+P.V.+other word.

 

The book is very interesting and Humayun Ahmed wrote it.

Subject+who/which/that+P.V.+other word+P.V+other word.

 

The book which is written by Humayun Ahmed is very interesting.

12. Subject +Verb +other word(noun)+verb(PP).+other word.

 

I bought a book of poems written by Rahman.

I bought a book of poems and Rahman Azad wrote that.

Subject+P.V.+other word(Noun)+who/which/that+P.V.+other word.

 

I bought a book of poems that/which is written by Rahman.

13. Inspite of /despite +possessive case +noun/adjective……….

 

Inspite of his honesty, he was scolded.

Subject+verb+adjective+but+………………..

 

Example;He was honest but scolded.

Though/Although +subjective form +verb +noun/adjective,…………………..

 

Example; Though he was honest ,he was scolded.

14.  Inspite of/despite cold/fog/rough weather/raining/snowing,

 

Example: Despite fog, we reached there on time.

It+to be verb+,……..but+………………..

 

Example;It was fog but we reached there on time.

Though/Although+it+to be verb+cold/hot/storm/rough weather/ing (verb)+..

 

Example:Though/Although it was fog, we reached there on time.

15.  Without +verb(ing) +subject +verb +ext.

 

Without doing, you will die.

Verb (present form)+or+……

 

Example:Do or you will die/Do or die.

If +subject+do not/does not/did not+verb+Ext.,Subject+will/would+verb+…….

 

Example:If you do not do,you will die.

Unless+subject+principal verb, Subject+…………………………..

Unless you read,you will fail.

16. Subject+ to be verb+ at/in/on etc +time word

 

Rubel was born in 1986.

It +to be verb+time word+and+subject+to be verb+ preposition…..

 

Example: It was 1986 and Rubel was born.

When+it+to be verb+time word+,……

 

When it was 1986,Rubel was born.

17. At the time of/In the moment of+ possessive case+ verb (ing)+ext.+…………………………….

 

At the time of his departure, I was at the airport.

Subject+verb(according to tense)……and+……..

 

Example: He departed and I was at the airport.

When+subject+verb+Ext. Subject+verb+……

 

Example:When he departed, I was at the airport.

18. Subject +verb+ other word +at the time of +verb +ing +other word/at+ time.

 

He woke up at the time of raining.

He came here at four.

Subject+verb+other word+and+subject+verb+other word+then

 

He woke up and it was raining then.

When/While+subject+verb+other word+subject+verb+other word.

 

When it was raining he woke up.

He came when it was four.

19. Being +adjective+,——————————-

 

Being weak in English, the boy could not do well in the examination.

Subject+ to be verb+…………………..and+…………………

 

Example: The boy was weak in english and not do well in the examination.

Since/As+subject+to be verb+ext.

 

Example: Since he was weak in English, the boy could not do well in the examination.

20.  Subject+ being +ext,+ second sentence.

 

Example: Tea being hot, I could not drink.

Subject+to be verb(am/is/are/was/were+ext.+and+Subject+…….

 

Tea was hot and I could not drink it.

As+Subject+to be verb+adjective/noun, Subject+………………………

 

As tea was hot, I could not drink it.

21. At the time of/In the time of +Verb (ing),+………

 

Example: At the time of raining, I was at home.

It +to be verb(am/is/are/was/were)+Verb(ing)+and………………

 

Example: It was raining and I went at home.

When+ it+ to be verb +verb (ing),S +verb………………

 

When it was raining, I was a t home.

22. Having+verb(Past participle),Another sentence.

 

Having done the work, the farmers left the field.

Subject+verb to have+verb(past participle)+ext. another sentence.

 

Example: The farmers had done the work and left the field.

Since/As+subject+have/had+verb(past participle)+ext.

 

Example: When the farmers had done the work, they left the field.

23. When subject is same:

 

Subject +having +v(past participle)+ext.,+second sentence.

The sun having risen, we went to play in the fields.

Subject+to have verb(have/has/had)+verb(p.p.)+Ext.+and +second sentence.

 

Example;The sun had risen and we went to play in the field.

 
24. Having +been +verb(P.P)+other word +subject +verb +other word.

 

Having been dismissed from the job the man is now at a loss.

Subject+verb+other word+and+subject+verb+other word.

 

The man was dismissed and he was at a loss.

When/After+subject+have/had+verb(P.P)+sub+verb+other word.

 

When the man lost the job,he was at a loss.

25. Because of, due to, owing to, on account of +possessive case+ verb(Participle form)+adjective/noun +Ext. +Next sentence.

 

Due to his blindness, he cannot see.

It +to be verb+adjective form+and+…………….

 

Example.He is blind and cannot see.

Since/As+ Subject +to be verb +Adjective/Noun +,+ Subject+………………

 

Since/As he is blind and he cannot see.

26. Because of, due to, owing to +cold/fog/rough weather /raining /snowing, +Next sentence.

 

Example: Because of raining, I did not go to college.

It +to be verb+ cold/fog/rough weather /raining /snowing, +and +Next sentence.

 

Example: It was raining and I did not go to college.

Since/As +it +to be verb +Adjective/Noun, +subject+……………………………

 

Since it was raining, I did not go to college.

27. Besides +verb(ing)……………..subject+……………

 

Besides knowing English, Our Headmaster know Bangla.

Subject +not only+…………but also……………

 

Example: Our headmaster knows not only English but also Bangla.

X
28. Both +Subject +and +S +verb+………………………

 

Example; Both Kamal and Jamal went there.

Not only+ First subject+ but also +second sentence +verb+…….

 

Example; Not only kamal but also Jamal went there.

X
29.Subject +verb to be+ both+a+ noun/adjective+ and+a+ noun/ adjective.

 

He is both a singer and a composer.

Subject+ verb to be+ not only+a+ Noun+but also+subj+verb to be +a+ noun.

 

He is not only a singer but also a composer.

He who is a singer as well as a composer.
30. Subject +verb+ adverb +to +verb.

 

Example: He reads attentively to pass.

Subject +verb+ adverb +and +subject +want to/wanted to/desire to+ verb+…………………………………

 

Example:He reads attentively and he desires to pass.

Subject+ verb+ adverb +so that +subject +may/might +verb+…………………

 

Example: He reads attentively so that he might pass.

31.By+verb+ing +Ext, Subject +can/could +verb+Ext.

 

By reading books, you can acquire knowledge.

Verb +ext. +and+Subject+can/could+verb+Ext.

 

Read books and you can acquire knowledge.

If+ Subject +verb+ ext, S +can/could +verb +ext.

 

If you read books, you can acquire knowledge.

32. Subject +verb +noun/adjective/adverb+……………

 

Example: Honesty is the best policy.

Heath is wealth

Subject+verb+other word+and subject+verb+other word.

 

It is honesty and that is the best policy.

It is health and that is wealth

It+to be verb+Subject+relative pronoun (who,that,which) +verb+Noun/Adjective/adverb……

 

Example:It is honesty that is the best policy.

It is health which is wealth.

33.Subject+verb+the way of+ possessive+ verb +ing

 

I know the way of his doing the work.

Sub+verb+other word+and+subject+verb+other word.

 

He did the work and I know that.

Subject+verb+how+sub+verb+

 

I know how he did the work.

34.Subject+ verb+ upto +possessive +verb +verb +ing +other word.

 

Students will stay in the classroom upto taking examination sheets by their teachers.

Sub+verb+other word+and +then+sub+verb+other word

 

Students will stay in the classroom and their teacher will take their examination sheets.

Subject+verb+other word+till/until+sub+verb+other word.

 

Student will stay in the classroom till/until their teachers take their examination sheets.

35. Just at the time of +verb +ing +other word+ sub +verb+ other word.

 

Just at the time of coming here I saw him.

.Sub+verb+other word+and just then+sub+verb+other word.

 

I came here and just then I saw him.

As soon as +sub+ verb +other word +sub +verb +other word.

 

As soon as I came here, I saw him.

36. Subject +verb+the reason of +verb+ ing+Noun+other word.

 

I know the reason of his absence.

Sub+verb+other word+and +sub+verb+other word.

 

He is absent and I know the reason.

Sub+verb+why+verb+other word.

 

I know why he is absent.

37. Subject+ verb+ the place of +verb +ing /at/in +place.

 

I was born in Dhaka.

Subject+verb+other word+and+sub+verb+other word.

 

It is Dhaka and I was born here.

Subject+verb+other word(noun)+where+sub+verb+other word.

 

It is Dhaka where I was born.

38. Subject +verb +possessive +verb+ ing /noun+other word.

 

I know his demand.

Sub+ verb +conjunction +subject+verb+other word.

 

He demands and I know it.

Subject+verb+what+sub+verb+other word.

 

I know what he demands.

39. Just+ before +possessive +verb +ing +other word.

 

The train started just before our reaching at the station.

Subject+ verb +other word+and+just then+subject+verb+….

 

We reached the station and just then the train left.

No sooner had+sub+verb(pp)+than+subject+verb(Past)+other word.

 

No sooner had we reached the station than the train left.

40.subject+verb+to+verb(present)/in order to +verb(present)+other word.

 

He came to know the matter/in order to know the matter.

Sub+ verb+other word+and+subject+verb+other word.

 

He came to me and he wanted to know the matter.

Sub+verb+other word+so that+subject+can/could+verb(present)+other word

 

He came to me so that he could know the matter.

41.With/for all, notwithstanding +possessive case+ noun+ principal clause.

 

For all/with all its beauty, it is very short

                            But However/whatever

 

However beautiful it may be, it is very short.

42. Subject+verb+adjective+like+noun/pronoun

 

The boy is brave like his brother.

  As ……as,   so……..as

 

The boy as brave as his brother.

43. With a view to

 

We went to library with a view to reading books.

  Subject+so that/in order that/that +may/might/can/could+verb

 

We went to library so that we could read books.

44.Every+noun

 

Every man wants to prosper in life.

  There is/was no+noun+but+verb+….

 

There is no man but wants to prosper in life.

45. Adjective+ verb+noun

 

A studious student can make a better result.

  The +noun+who/which+to be verb+adjective+verb+/….

 

The student who is studious can make a better result.

46.Adjective(Common Noun)

 

The idle cannot prosper in life.

  Those+who+verb to be+adjective+verb…..

 

Those who are idle cannot prosper in life.

47.Subject+Verb+adjective+noun

 

I saw a pious man.

  Subject+verb+noun+who/which+to be verb+…..

 

I saw a man who was pious.

48.subject+verb+NP+interrogative adverb

 

Teacher showed us how to solve the problem.

  Subject+ verb+ NP+ Interrogative adverb+ subject+ should/could +verb

 

Teacher showed us how we could /should solve the problem.

49.Adevrb

 

Unfortunately, the girl failed in the examination.

  It is +adjective+ that+….

 

It is unfortunate that the girl failed in the examination.

50.Sub+want/wish/desire/expect/like/advise/urge/persuade

 

/request/beg/order+ indirect  object +to be verb+..

Mother wishes me to be an ideal citizen

  Subject+ verb +that +subject+ should+ infinitive case+…

 

Mother wishes that I could/should be an ideal citizen.

51. Adjective+ noun=Noun Phrase

 

He is an honest man.

 ……………and………

 

He is a man and he is honest.

Principal clause+ Subordinate adjective clause.

 

He is the man who is honest.

52.Until/till/after/before+Gerund/Noun

 

Wait here till raining.

Wait here until our arrival arrive.

  Subject+verb…………….until/till/after/before+subject+verb

 

Wait here till it rains.

Wait here until we arrive.

53. After possessive case +Noun;          /

 

At the time of +Gerund/Noun

At the time of his waking up, it was raining.

  When+ subject +verb+……..subject +verb+…………

 

When we woke up ,it was raining.

54. While/During+(Possessive case)+Gerund/Noun+ Principal clause.

 

Wait here while raining.

  As long as as/so long

 

Wait here as long as it rains.

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