Nouns and Determiners
Nouns are words that name people, places, things, ideas, actions, or qualities.
Types of Nouns
Common Nouns name any of a class of people, place, or things. Example: student state dog
Countable Nouns are nouns that name people, places, objects and ideas that can be counted. Example: cat/cats ditch/ditches woman/women
Uncountable Nouns name a mass or a quality that is not countable. Example: water snow salt
Collective Nouns name a group of people, places or things thought of as a single unit. Example: committee team family
Abstract Nouns refer to an intangible idea, feeling, emotion, or quality. Example: loyalty value love
Compound Nouns name a person or thing by joining two or more words together. Compound nouns can be one word, hyphenated, or two words. Example: necktie father-in-law post office
Proper Nouns refer to a particular person, place, or thing. Proper nouns are always capitalized. Example: William Faulkner England Elizabethan
Using Determiners with Nouns
Determiners tell if the reference is specific or nonspecific. They indicate how much or how many, whose, which one, and similar information about noun that follows.
Types of Determiners
- Articles (a, an, the)
- The indefinite articles a or an signal that the reference is non specific or general.
- The definite article the signals that the reference is specific.
- Possessive pronouns(my, our, your, his, her, its, their)
- Relative pronouns(whose, which, whichever, what, whatever)
- Demonstratives(this, these, that, those)
- Singular: this and that
- Plural: these and those
- Indefinite pronouns(any, each, few, other, some, etc.)
- Cardinal Numbers(one, two, three, etc.)
- Ordinal Numbers(last, first, second, etc.)
- Possessive proper nouns(Bob’s, Sarah’s, America’s)
Guide to using Determiners:
- Generally, singular proper nouns do not use articles. However, plural and collective proper nouns generally use the article Example: England is a great place to visit. (Not The England) The Smith’s went to England for vacation.
- Use a or an when referring to a nonspecific common noun. Remember to use a before a consonant sound and an before a vowel sound. Example: John carried a box for Mrs. Jones. John dropped an egg on the floor.
- Use the when referring to a specific common noun. Example: Sarah drove the dog to Dr. Smith’s office.
- Singular countable nouns cannot stand alone. Use one of the following before singular countable nouns:
The articles a, an, or the Example: Bob ordered a book and a movie from the catalog.
A possessive pronoun (my, our, your, his, her, its, their) Example: I left my book at their house.
A relative pronoun (whose, which, whichever, what, whatever) Example: Whose car is parked behind the building?
The singular demonstrative pronouns this or that Example: This summer John agreed to cut down that tree.
An indefinite pronoun (any, some, every, each, either, neither, other, another) Example: Each student is expected to attend every class.
A cardinal number (one) Example: Sarah arranged for one box to be delivered.
An ordinal number (last, (the) first, second, third, etc.) Example: John is the first student to arrive.
A possessive proper noun Example: Sarah’s son will graduate in May.
- Use one of the following before plural countable nouns:
No article Example: Oranges provide a great source of vitamin C.
The article the Example: The trees are blocking the beautiful view.
A possessive pronoun (my, our, your, his, her, its, their) Example: Her children are reading their books.
A relative pronoun (whose, which, whichever, what, whatever) Example: Which boxes need to be moved?
The plural demonstrative pronouns these or those Example: John needs to move these books to those shelves.
An indefinite pronoun (some, any, much, enough, more, most, other, such, little, less, least, the amount of) Example: Sarah had to buy more markers for the project.
A cardinal number (two or any number above two) Example: Bob sent five students to the office.
An ordinal number (last, (the) first, second, third, etc.) Example: Sarah and John are the third students to win the scholarship.
A possessive proper noun (such as Bob’s, Sarah’s, America’s) Example: John’s dogs are well trained.
- Use one of the following beforeuncountable nouns:
No article with generalizations Example: Salt is a popular spice. (Not The salt)
The article the Example: The mail arrived late.
A possessive pronoun (my, our, your, his, her, its, their) Example: Sarah agreed to publish her poetry.
A relative pronoun (whose, which, whichever, what, whatever) Example: Whose baggage was left out front?
The singular demonstrative pronouns this or that Example: Bob left that food out all weekend.
An indefinite pronoun (some, any, both, many, enough, more, most, other, such, few, fewer, fewest, the number of) Example: John noticed more water leaking from the ceiling.
An ordinal number (last, (the) first, second, third, etc.) Example: The children enjoyed the first snow of the season.
A possessive proper noun Example: Sarah’s jewelry was stolen yesterday.
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