Posted on

Misuse of Infinitive

Use the gerund and not the infinitive:

 Fond of + -ing.

  1. Don’t say:  She’s always fond to talk.
  2. Say:  She’s  always fond of talking.

Insist on + -ing.

  1. Don’t say:  Simon insisted to go  to London.  
  2. Say:  Simon insisted  on going to  London.

Object to + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: I object to be treated like this.
  2. Say: object to being treated like this.

(a)  After prepositions or preposition phrases:

Without, etc. + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: Do your work without to speak. 
  2. Say: Do your work without speaking.

Instead of, etc. + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: He went away instead to wait.
  2. Say: He went away instead of waiting.

(b) After words which regularly take a preposition:

Capable of + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: They’re quite capable to do that.
  2. Say: They’re quite capable of doing that.

Note: Also incapable of; to + the infinitive follows able or unable: He is unable to do anything

Prevent from + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: The  rain  prevented me  to go.  
  2. Say: The  rain prevented me from going.

Succeed in + -ing.

  • Don’t say:  Paula succeeded to  win  the prize.

Think of + -ing.

  1. Don’t say:  1 often think to go to England.
  2. Say:  I  often think  of going to  England.

Tired of + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: The  customer got tired  to  wait.
  2. Say: The  customer got tired of waiting.

Used to + -ing.

  1. Don’t say:  She’s used  to get up  early.  
  2. Say:  She’s used to getting up early.

(c)  After  certain  verbs:

Avoid + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: You can’t avoid  to make mistakes.
  2. Say: You can’t avoid making mistakes.

Note: Also can’t help (= can’t avoid): I can’t help laughing.

Enjoy + -ing.

  1. Don’t say:  I enjoy to  play football.
  2. Say:  I  enjoy  playing  football.

Note: Use the gerund or to + infinitive after verbs meaning to like or to dislike: He likes reading English books, or He likes to read English books.

Go on (continue) + -ing.

  1.  Don’t say: The music went on to play all day.
  2.  Say:  The music went on playing all day.

Note: Also keep on: She kept on playing the piano.

Mind (object to) + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: Would you mind  to  open the  door?  
  2. Say: Would you mind opening the door?

Have another look at

 Excuse + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: Please excuse me to be so late.
  2. Say: Please excuse my being so late.
  • Or Please excuse me for being so late.

Finish -ing.

  1. Don’t say:  Have you finished to  speak?
  2. Say:  Have you finished  speaking?

Mote: to + infinitive or the gerund follow verbs meaning to begin: She began to speak, or She began speaking.

Use of the gerund

Use the gerund (and not the infinitive):

  • 1. After prepositions.

Examples:  He worked without stopping.  She played instead of working.

2. After words which regularly take a preposition, such as fond of, insist on, tired of, succeed in.

Examples:  I’m tired of doing the work again.  He succeeded in catching the rat.

3. After certain verbs, such as avoid, enjoy, finish, stop, risk, excuse.

Examples: They enjoy playing football. The wind has stopped blowing.

4. After the adjectives busy and worth.

Examples: Lena was busy writing a book. This date is worth remembering.

5. After certain phrases, such as it’s no use,  it’s no good, I  can’t  help,  would you  mind,  look  forward  to. 

Examples:  I think it’s no use trying again. I can’t help feeling  angry  about  it.

Use the gerund or the infinitive after certain verbs, such as  begin,  like,  dislike,  hate,  love,  prefer,

Example:  He began to talk or He began talking.

Practice + -ing.

  1. Don’t say:  You must practice to speak  English.
  2. Say: You must practice speaking  English.

Remember + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: I  don’t remember to have seen him.
  2. Say: I don’t remember seeing him.
  • Or: I don’t remember having seen him.

Risk + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: We couldn’t risk to leave him alone.
  2. Say: We couldn’t risk leaving him alone.

Stop + -ing.

  1.  Don’t say: The  wind has  almost  stopped to blow.
  2.  Say: The wind has almost stopped blowing.

Note: Also give up (= stop): He gave up smoking.

(d)   After   certain  adjectives:

Busy + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: He was busy to revise the exams.
  2. Say: He was busy revising for the exams.

Worth + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: Is today’s film worth to see?  
  2. Say: Is today’s film worth seeing?

(e) After certain  phrases:

Have difficulty in + -ing.

  1. Don’t say:  She has  no  difficulty to do it.
  2. Say:  She has no difficulty in doing it.

 Have the pleasure of + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: I  had the pleasure to meet him.
  2. Say: had the pleasure of meeting him.

Note Also take pleasure in  He takes great pleasure in helping others

It’s no use + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: It’s no use to cry like a baby.  
  2. Say:  It’s no use crying like a  baby.

It’s no good + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: It’s no good to get angry.
  2. Say: It’s no good getting angry.

Look forward to + -ing.

  1. Don’t say:  I look forward to  see  him soon.
  2. Say: I look forward to seeing him soon.

There is no harm in + -ing.

  1. Don’t say: There’s no harm to visit her now.
  2.  Say: There’s no harm in visiting her now.

Adjective Adverb Articles Capitalization Clauses Common Mistake ConditionalSentence English Writing HTML+Css Idiom&Phrases IELTS LinkingWords Narration Noun Old Questions Other Ways to Say Parts of speech Preposition Pronoun Reg Files Sentence Snippets Speaking Synonyms Tag Questions Tense The Calender Transition Words Verb Voice

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *