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Further Use of Pronouns

(Relative Pronoun, Emphatic Pronoun etc.)

Pronoun is of 8 kinds: They are:

(i) Personal Pronoun:

I shall play with You.

They will come with us to play together.

We shall join them

The underlined words are personal pronouns.

(i)Personal pronoun is of three kinds.

(a)      First personal pronouns: I. we, my, mine, me, us, our, ours.

(b)     Second personal pronouns: You, your, yours.

(c)      Third personal pronouns : He, she, it, they, them, his, her, hers, him, their, theirs.

(ii) Demonstrative pronoun: This is my book and that is yours. These are new books while those are old. I want the same. Give me the new ones.

Note: A demonstrative pronoun points to a thing.

(iii) Interrogative pronoun: Who are you? What do you want?

Note: An interrogative pronoun is used to ask a question.

(iv)    Indefinite pronoun : Everybody wants to be happy. But all cannot be happy. Some are happy while many are unhappy. One cannot be happy without peace of mind. Is there anybody who is really happy? No, there is none .

Note : An indefinite pronoun stands for persons or things in general.

More indefinite pronouns: Nobody, somebody, someone, everyone, everything, something, other, nothing etc.

(v)     Distributive pronoun: Each of the students in the class will get a prize. Everyone of them wants to do well in the examination. Two of the boys are very brilliant. Either of them will stand first. But neither of them could do well in the last examination.

Note: A distributive pronoun separates one person or thing from a number of persons or

thing.

(vi) Reciprocal pronouns: We should help one another to live in peace. When we two work together we should help each other.

Note: Each other is used to indicate two persons.

One another are used to indicate more than two persons.

Pronouns are given in the box on the right. Pick out a pronoun and use the right one in the gap: 

1.­­­­­­[dash] should do one’s duty.

 

2. ­­­­­­[dash] can count the stars.

3. ­­­­­­[dash] will help you?

4. [dash] is the best book

5. [dash] you say is true

6. [dash] are costly pencils.

7.The rice of Barisal is better than ­­­­­­[dash] of Dinajpur.

8.The mangoes are not ripe,

9. [dash] of the boys will have a prize.

10. [dash] of the boys is present.

11.I want to buy­­­­­­ [dash] of the two pens.

12. [dash] of them are strong.

13.There are three pens. I want [dash] of these pens.

14. This pen is broken. Give the new [dash]

15. They build the house [dash]

that

 

one

what

those

who

none

any

either

each

themseleves

both

ones

this

(vii) Relative Pronoun:

  1. a) Everybody believes a man who is truthful.
  2. b) Niguari is the village where I was born.

Note : In these sentences, who and where are relative pronouns because they refer to the nouns going before (man and village).

Join the following pair of sentences by using relative pronoun.

  1. a) He bought a house. The house is made of wood and bamboo.
  2. b) The boy came here. He is my brother.
  3. c) The pen writes well. Father gave me the pen.
  4. d) I saw some boys. They were playing in the field.
  5. e) He visited the place. Your uncle lives in that place.
  6. f) Bangladesh is a small country There is a lot of fertile land here.

(vii) Reflexive/Emphatic Pronoun:

When ‘self’ is added to my, your, him, her, it, and ‘selves’ to our, your, them, these are called reflexive/emphatic pronouns.

Example

(a)      I wash myself when 1 get up.

(b)     The boys hid themselves.

Here myself and themselves are called reflexive pronoun because the action done by the subject turn back upon the subject.

Emphatic Pronoun: Now look at the following sentences.

(a)      I myself saw him do it.

(b)     The town itself is not very large.

(c)      We saw the king himself.

(d)     They themselves admitted their guilt.

Here myself, itself, himself, themselves are used for the sake of emphasis and are therefore called Emphatic Pronouns.

Exercise

Fill in the following gaps with suitable reflexive/emphatic pronouns:

(a)      I cannot bring [dash] to do it.

(b)     I [dash] heard the remark.

(c)      Some people are always talking about [dash]

(d)     You [dash] can best explain.

(e)      The horse hurt [dash].

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