- The reporting verb is changed into exclaim, cry, shout etc. according to the sense.
- New words and phrases like. with joy/in joy, with sorrow/ in sorrow, in wonder etc. are used to express the meaning of exclamation. If the sense of exclamation is not clear, such phrases are not used.
- That is used as a linking word.
- The changed form becomes a statement.
Direct : The man said, “Alas! I am undone”.
Indirect : The man cried out in sorrow that he was undone.
Direct : He said, “Hurrah! We have won the game”:
Indirect : He exclaimed in joy that they had won the game.
Direct : He said to me, “What a funny boy you are”!
Indirect : He exclaimed in joy that I was a very funny boy.
Direct : He said, “What a fool I am”!
Indirect : He cried out with sorrow that he was a great fool.
[Note: ‘great’ is used before a noun]
Direct : He said, “What along journey”!
Indirect : He exclaimed that it was a very long journey.
Direct : He said, “Who knew that it would happen”!
Indirect : He said that nobody knew that it would happen.
Direct . : He said, “By God! I have never done it”.
Indirect : He swore by God that he had never done it.
Direct : He said, “Had I the wings of a bird!”
Indirect : He wished he had the wings of a bird.
- Transform the direct speech:
(i) The man said, “Alas! He is gone for ever”.
(ii) Nazrul said, “What a charming scenery it is”!
(iii) The girlsaid, “What a nice bird it is”!
(iv) The boys said, “What a fool you are”!
(v) They said, “How cruel the man is”!
Change the form of speech:
(i) The boy exclaimed in grief that he was ruined.
(ii) The man exclaimed with sorrow that it was a great pity.
(iii) Altaf exclaimed that it was a very dirty thing.
(iv) He swore by Jove that it was a very good news.
(v) They cried out in joy that the sky was very clear.
Adjective Adverb Articles Capitalization Clauses Common Mistake ConditionalSentence English Writing HTML+Css Idiom&Phrases IELTS LinkingWords Narration Noun Old Questions Other Ways to Say Parts of speech Preposition Pronoun Reg Files Sentence Snippets Speaking Synonyms Tag Questions Tense The Calender Transition Words Verb Voice